What is Neuroblastoma?
Neuroblastoma is a solid tumor cancer that originates in the sympathetic nervous system, the nerve network that carries messages from the brain throughout the body. The cause of neuroblastoma is unknown. When neuroblast cells fail to develop normally they form tumors in the nerve tissues, usually in the neck, abdomen, or pelvis, and most commonly in the adrenal glands.
Neuroblastoma is the most common cancer found in infants and is usually diagnosed in children under the age of five. 50-60% of children who are diagnosed have disease that has already metastasized or spread to other parts of the body. Children over the age of 2 with metastatic disease when diagnosed have less than 40% chance of survival.